USC Medication Policy
USC Policy 5160
5160 STUDENT MEDICATION
The purpose of this policy is to set forth the provisions that must be followed when administering both prescription and nonprescription medications (over the counter medications).
II. GENERAL STATEMENT OF POLICY
A. The school district acknowledges that some students may require prescribed drugs and nonprescription drugs during the school day. The school district's licensed school nurse, nurse aide, trained health clerk, principal or teacher will administer prescribed medications in accordance with school district procedures. Since administering medications to students presents some potential problems it is preferred that medications be given at times outside of school hours if possible. If not possible trained school staff will assist students and parents with this responsibility.
A. The administration of prescription and nonprescription medication or drugs
requires a completed signed request from the student's parent and physician.
Before any medication will be given at school, the Medication Physician Order
and Parent Authorization form must be signed by the parent and physician. All
medication must be accompanied by this written physician order and parent
authorization. Verbal orders may be taken to administer medication by a registered nurse from the physician and the parent, but must be followed by written and signed orders within two school days.
B. The school nurse may request to receive further information about the prescription if needed prior to administration of the substance.
C. An "Administration of Prescription Medications" form must be completed annually (once per school year) and/or when a change in the prescription or requirements for administration occurs.
D. For parent and child protection, prescription medication must come to school in the original container labeled for the student by a pharmacist in accordance with law. Medication must be administered in a manner consistent with the instructions on the label.
E. For the parent and child protection, over the counter medications to be administered by the school district must arrive at the school in the original container and sealed by the manufacture.
F. Prescription medications are not to be carried by the student, but will be brought to the school office by a responsible adult and left with the appropriate school district personnel. Exceptions to this requirement are: prescription asthma medications self-administered with an inhaler (See Part J5 below), and medications administered as noted in a written agreement between the school district and the parent or as specified in an IEP (individual education plan).
G. All medications will be kept in a locked medication cabinet in the health office. Exceptions to this requirement are: prescriptions asthma medications self-administered with an inhaler(see part M5)unless otherwise specified in a written agreement between the school district and the parent or specified in an IEP (individual education plan) or IHP (individual health plan) or as specified by MN.Statute 121a.222
H. The school must be notified immediately by the parent or student 18 years old or older in writing of any change in the student's medication or if the medication is no longer required. A new container label with new pharmacy instructions shall be required within five days of the change.
I. Any prescription medication that is discontinued during the coarse of treatment must also be discontinued in writing from the physician. A signed request must be received in the health office within five days of the request. The registered nurse may also take a verbal telephone order request to discontinue medication from the physician and attain the order in writing within five days of receiving the order
J. For drugs or medicine used by children with a disability, administration may be as provided in the IEP, Section 504 plan or IHP.
K. The school nurse, or other designated person, shall be responsible for the filing of the Administering Prescription Medication form in the health records section of the student file. The school nurse or other designated person shall be responsible for providing a copy of such form to the principal and to other personnel designated to administer the medication.
L. Procedures for administration of drugs and medicine at school and school activities shall be developed in consultation with a school nurse, a licensed school nurse or a public or private health organization or other appropriate party (if appropriately contracted by the school district under Minn. Stat. 123.35, subd. 17(2) or (3) 121A.21). The school district administration shall submit these procedures and any additional guidelines and procedures necessary to implement this policy to the school board for approval. Upon approval by the school board, such guidelines and procedures shall be an addendum to this policy.
M. Field trips – planning for students with conditions that require medication on field trips will be done on an individual basis PRIOR to the day of the field trip, with the help of the parent/guardian. It is the teacher and parent’s responsibility to inform the nursing office in advance of a field trip. The teacher or other responsible adult can carry and administer the medication on he field trip as necessary, following school procedure.
N. Not Covered By this Policy:
1. Special health treatments such as catheterization, tracheostomy suctioning, and gastrostomy feedings, do not constitute administration of drugs and medicine.
2. Emergency health procedures, including emergency administration of drugs and medicine are not subject to this policy.
3. Drugs or medicine provided or administered by a public health agency to prevent or control an illness or disease outbreak are not governed by this policy.
4. Drugs or medicines used at school in connection with services for which a minor may give effective consent are not governed by this policy.
5. Drugs or medicines that are prescription asthma or reactive airway disease medications can be self-administered by a student with an asthma inhaler if:
a. the district has received a written authorization from the pupil’s parent permitting the student to self-administer the medication;
b. the inhaler is properly labeled for that student; and
c.the parent has not requested school personnel to administer the medication to the student.
The parent must submit written authorization for the student to self-administer the medication each school year. In a school that does not have a nurse or school nursing services, the student's parent or guardian must submit written verification from the prescribing professional which documents that an assessment of the student knowledge and skill to safely possess and use an asthma inhaler in the school setting and enter into the student's school health record a plan to implement safe possession and use of asthma inhalers.
O. "Parent" for students 18 years old or older is the student.
P. A secondary student may possess and use non-prescription pain medication in a manner consistent with the labeling, if the USC school district has received a written authorization (see attached authorization form), from the student's parent or guardian permitting the student to self-administer the medication. The parent or guardian must submit written authorization for the student to self-administer the medication each school year. The district licensed school nurse or administrator may revoke a student's privilege to possess and use nonprescription pain relievers if the USC school district determines that the student is abusing the privilege. This section does not apply to the possession or use of any drug or product containing ephedrine or pseudoephedrine as its sole active ingredient or as one of its active ingredients.
Legal References: Minn. Stat. 13.02, subd. 8 (Student Records Regarding Health)
Minn. Stat. 121A.22 & 121A.222 (Administration of Drugs and Medicine)
Minn. Stat. 121A21 (Hiring of Health Personnel)
Minn. Stat.121A.221 (Possession and Use of Asthma Inhalers by Asthmatic Students)
Minn. Stat. 151.212 (Label of Prescription Drug Containers)
20 U.S.C. 1401,et seq. (IDEA), 29 U.S.C. 794,et.seq. (Section 504)
Cross References: USC Policy 4180 (Drug-Free Workplace/Drug Free School)
|Contact: Suzanne Martin RN PHN LSN|