Useful vocabulary


Circle of Life in Vigeland Park in Oslo Norway July 2006
DETERMINE -
Figure out using information in the text (problems, words, etc); Also, decide based on facts and logical reasoning.
EX: Determine why an author chooses certain words
or
Determine the answer to this problem



CREDIBILITY -
Reliable or trustworthy
Ask: can I trust the information: Is it accurate? Does the information make sense? Is it logical? Is the author identified? Is he/she an expert? If not, then maybe the article /argument is not credible.


DESCRIBE -
State details and specific information: give examples (hint: "show, don't tell")
EX: Describe an ideal vacation
or
The tone of this passage is best described as.....



ANALYZE
Break apart the information, study the pieces, and figure out how the parts are related; investigate connections between pieces of information......
EX: Analyze the 2 positions presented in this article
or
Analyze the author's credibility



EVALUATE
To judge, figure out, or decide on the importance or quality of information of the problem(s), text, article, etc.
as in
Evaluate the given choices OR Evaluate the evidence




EXPLAIN
to make information clear and understandable using details of who, what, where, and when to show why and how
to show a connection----as in explain the effects of pollultion on condor nesting grounds.



ELABORATE
To give additional relevant and detailed information and/or specifics;
to expand with examples such as imagery,
to explain thoroughly.



BIAS
Prejudice with regard to ideas
Favoritism
Unfairness
Ask: does the author/narrator have a certain preference or position?
does the author have something to gain?
is the author partial to on e side of the argument?
does s/he unfairly reject others' ideas/opinions?
If YES, the n the article may be biased





INTERPRET
Provide/give the meaning of details in the test: offer an explanation which are often the answers to the question---why
EX: Interpret the date in the graph
or
Interpret your answer




INFORM
Give proof of your knowledge and understanding; make the reader aware
EX: INform the reader about your choice




INFER
Use logic and reason to make a conclusion based upon the evidence/details in the text
"Read between the lines"
Use clues in the text to solve the puzzle
Use what you know to reason an answer




ILLUSTRATE
Make an answer clear and understandable by using examples.




JUSTIFY
To defend or prove your point
make the problem, information, and/or argument valid, right, correct
Does the author justify his/her position




PERSUADE
To convince someone to think, believe, or act in a certain way.....
To persuade your reader with logical arguments
or
The purpose of the article is to: (a) persuade (b) inform (c)entertain




IDENTIFY
Name or state directly as in identify the main idea



CLARIFY
To make the information more clear and understandable or simplify
As in which statement needs more clarification:
or
The author clarifies his ideas using which literacy device?




HIGHLIGHT
Emphasize or point out the most important points




SUPPORT
Give examples, back up with specifics





COMPARE and CONTRAST
State how items are the SAME and also DIFFERENT



CONCLUDE
A logical and reasonable statement based on information.




EXAMINE
Look at the information/evidence




PREDICT
Make an educated guess based on information in the text. Ask, what is likely to happen next.



RESPOND
Answer



GENERATE
Form or create



TRACE
List steps


SEQUENCE
Put in chronological order
Follow order of events or ideas